Some Extra facts about.....Royal Rajasthan....


Now the time of Cultural tour to the desert land of Rajasthan, n  some info about folk music n dances of Rajasthan.

The common people of Rajasthan work hard all day in the desert eat and in evenings sing n dance to the folk music played by the local musicians. The folk music of Rajasthan, are kept alive by local entertainers such as the Dholis, Langas, Mirasis, Manganniyars. Folk music of Rajasthan have been passing on the tradition of music from one generation to the other and that is how these folk tradition have been kept alive over the years.

Some folk songs dedicated to religious customs, fairs, festivals and deities. Some of these popular folk songs sung by saints like Meera Bai, Kabirdas, Surdas.

The most popular Rajasthani folk music is Maand music that is played by local musicians. The musician plays traditional instruments like - Sarangi, Dholak etc... and the folk singers sing the glory and praise of the Rajput Rulars.

Maand Singers

A Manganiyar with his kamaycha[music instrument]

A kid performing folk dance at fort in Jaiselmer

A very highly cherished traditional folk song reserved to welcome very honored guests in Rajasthan.

Kesariya Balam is an Indian folk song from Rajasthan. It is one of the most popular song that sung in Maand Singing style.
Kesariya Balam , Rajasthan's  welcomed song, that famous across the country nowadays - The lyrics of that song is>> "Kesariya Baalam, Padharo Mahre Desh"
In this line the lyricist want to say - He/she welcomed you to his/her state... Rajasthan.

 Allah Jilai Bai from the city Bikaner. Maangi Bai Arya from Udaipur n Gavari Bai from Jodhpur are the name of famous Maand Singers.

These all singers are rewarded by the National awards for their contribution in this field.

Some Street Musician in Jodhpur n Jaiselmer>>>

Dance Art in Rajasthan :

Kathaputli dance : 

Kathaputli dance is very attractive and unique dance of Rajasthan. Kathaputli means Puppets..
you can say wooden doll also. The Rajasthani folk music play harmonium, Dholak and Sarangi
during Kathaputli dance, This show is incomplete without song.The word Katha means story and Putli means wooden doll...that's why it is Kathaputli dance. The puppeteer manipulates the string attached to the head, waist, and hands of the puppets. The lower body of the puppets is covered by colourful skirts. Traditional puppeteers are belong from the Bhat community of Rajasthan who have been performing for thousand of years. They go from village to village to presenting this wonderful act. The famous characters and stories like Prithviraj Chauchan - a fighter or a hero, Vikramaditya, Maharana Pratap...n many more... Puppetry is an old and popular folk entertainment. So whenever you get the chance to visit Rajasthan, must watch this amazing Puppetry show.

Fire Dance :
Fire dance is very famous dance in Rajasthan, it is the lifestyle of jasnathis of Bikaner n Churu District in Rajasthan. These dancers perform on a large carpet of flaming coals. The dancer's steps moving to the beat of drums. Fire dancers dress traditional Rajasthani coulouful dresses during the dance.

The another famous dance of Rajasthan is Kalbelia dance.
Kalbelia dance is of the Kalbelia tribe of Rajasthan, the snake charmers and Banjaras. Dancers dress traditional black swirling skirts during kalbelia dance. This type of dance performed in during any fair or big festival. During the Kalbelia dance, you can see the flexibility of the dancers body.The fire dance and kalbelia dance are mostly performed by the proffesional dancer only, but the most most most popular- Ghoomar dance can performed by any Rajasthani Lady.

Ghoomar dance is very simple n beautiful dance of Rajasthan. Even if you have to go for dance with dancers, surly, you will also enjoy with them. In this dance, the ladies move gently in circles. The word Ghoomar itself means move round and make circles.This type of dance mostly performed in Marriages n any culttural festival. 

A painting of Ghoomar Dance

Other well - known folk dance of Rajasthan are Matka-Bhawai Dance, Ghair Dance, Raika Dance and Jhoria Dance.
So come and explore the Folk dance and folk music of Rajasthan.

Some delicious tastes of Royal Rajasthan....

Clusters of shocking pink, wrapped around spindly ice cream sticks. It takes only a few coins to make this delicacy your own. Satisfaction cannot come cheaper than this, and you also won't mind the vile pinkish strain it leaves on your tongue. hey..... I am talking about cotton candy, which you will find in any village of Rajasthan, or in any fair too..... a mouth watering...yummmmmmmyyyy cotton candy...

The arid desert of Rajasthan, with its scarcity of water and green vegetables, is responsible of two interesting in its cuisine: wide spread and creative use of dried vegetables n lentils, and use of buttermilk instead of water.

The most popular sabzi of Rajasthan is Gatte ki Sabzi : Gram flour's dumplings cooked in gravy of buttermilk. Really it is very tasty, little is very spicy... mainly in Rajasthani people eat spicy food. Another yummmmmmmyyyy vegetables of Rajasthan are - Kair Saangri ki sabzi, This Kair n Saangri are found in only desert area. Sirabadi is made from n plain flour, salt n cumin seeds... first mix this mixture with buttermilk, then cooked it, after cooling it, dry them n cut into the small square pieces. And after then, from these piece, you can made sabzi.... same as Gatte ki sabzi, but taste are different.

Though liked irrevocably with the monsoon festival of Teej, Ghevar : A round maida cake, sweetened with sugar syrup is available round the year. Jaipur's Ghevar are well known in all over world. Nowadays Ghevar are available in many varieties like- Paneer Ghevar, Khoya Ghevar, Malai Ghevar. Buy from the famous LMB, at Johri Bazaar in Jaipur.
.. But I liked plain Ghevar.... try also Rawat's [ a shop in Jaipur ] Pyaaz Kachori.

Dal-Baati-Choorma, is another famous n typical dish of Rajasthan, made with flour, lentils, ghee, spices and sugar powdered. A Baati is a round ball made from flour, with generous dollops of ghee. It is usually eaten with a spicy Dal. the meal is rounded off with Choorma,  the crushed Baati called Choorma.. Choorma usually eaten with powdered sugar and spicy Dal. Try Dal-Baati-Choorma at Chowki Dhani in Jaipur, or any City of Rajasthan.

And is true...even you can take a test of this, The Baati cooked on Chullah- traditional gas system are more tastier than it cooked on normal gas system.

Pushkar is known the world over for its colourful cattle fair, but its delicious, melt-in-your-mouth Malpuas are still a well kept secret. Hundreds of sweet shops spring up every year during the fair, where you can try these pancakes made of refined flour, after fry it in desi ghee, they dipped these pancakes into sugar syrup.

delicious Malpuas
No Indian is a stranger to the Bhujjias and Papads of Bikaner. Thanks a million to the Haldiram's, these Bhujjias are now available in all over world, and popular also.

While, if you are in Bikaner, must try these Bhujjias, made from Moth Dal, Gram Flour n all types of spices. Also buy Rajasthani sabzi- Badis, made from lentils, its a dried vegetable. Try the papad also, It is like a snack, that eaten after meal.

Bikaneri Bhujjia

Now the time of some crispy snacks....... Mawa n Pyaaz Kachoris of Jodhpur... These kachoris of Jodhpur are sinfully rich and eaten with a steaming cup of tea. The sweet Mawa Kachoris is first stuffed with dry fruits and Mawa- dried milk, then deep-fried and finally dipped in sugar syrup.

The salty Pyaaz Kachoris is stuffed with spicy mixture of Pyaaz- Onions and then deep fried.

Mawa Kachori

Pyaaz Kachori

Can you imagine, in snacks time you have to eat Green Chilly??? No na..... but if you are in Jaiselmer, There is most popular snack Mirchi- Green Chilly's Vada....yes it is... n I'm sure, after trying definitely like this snack...

Must try these Green chilly's snacks.... :)

My favorites are...Mirchi vada, Ghevar in sweets....and thats spicy Bhujjia of Bikaner.... I can eat these items anytime.... :)

Now the time of some shopping......

In Jaipur you will find some the most exquisite Kundan pieces made of highly refined gold. Kundan jewels have stone on one side n intricate meenakari work on the other side.
I challenged you, you wan't be able to keep your eyes off from the pieces descending from the mughal period.

Walk from the Kishanpol Bazaar in Jaipur for an excellent array of embroidery work, emblished by threads, beads, mirrors. The Bandhini-[tie n dye] and Lehariya sari are truly a shopper's delight. You can buy them in any colours, but try some bright colours....coz they looks awesome...

Mirrorwork and Embroidery are two of the most exquisite crafts that Jaiselmer is famous for. Whether it is in Sari, Fabrics, Wall Hangings, Rugs, Linens etc... The mirrorwork and Embroidery are delight to touch and hold. You will find this work in Sardaar Bazaar, pansari Bazaar, and inside and outside the main Fort.

If you have the money to splurge go for antique shopping, than the Jodhpur is the only place for you. From Pottery, Marble furniture, Paintings, Silver Jewellery, Textiles, Carved Lintels, Cabinets, Windows, Puppets... It's all available at Maharani Art Emporium, have everything under one roof.
If you don't want to buy anything,or not in the mood of shopping, than I will suggest you one thing to do. just visit Gems n Art Plaza, where the Hollywood's stars Angelina Jolie, Poter O'toole, Britney Spears, Richard Gere have shopped.   

Have you ever heard about Kota Doria's Saris?? Kota is famous for its airy delicate Doria Sari. These are fine fabric woven with checks, locally known as Khat, which let themselves to surface ornamentation techniques likes Batik tie n dye, Printing, hand Block, Embroidery n Applique work. This light fabric is perfect for the hot summer of Rajasthani climate. Kethun is the name of a village, nearby Kota, is famous for Kota Doria Saris.

Possibly the oldest form of entertainment is Puppetry, these puppets are essentially marionettes with a single string that pass from the head to the puppeteer. Puppets are made of specially using traditional Rajasthani textiles. You can buy these Puppets from Pushkar n Jaiselmer.

If you are in rush with souvenir's shopping, than go to the Udaipur.
Here you will get all things like- Block printing fabrics, Saris, Bed covers, Table mats, Embroided bags, Torans, Wooden toys, Pichwari silk paintings etc..... at Chetak Udaipur.


Banswara and Dungarpur.......last week in Royal Rajasthan... !!


Two small towns, situated near Udaipur.

Rawal Veer Singh founded this place in 1282 AD taking over from Bhil chief- Dungaria, that's why its name is Dungarpur. Dungarpur in specially known for wildlife varieties like jungle cat,  jackal, Indian fox, Hyena, Black faced Monkey, Porcupine etc. 

Two magnificent rivers namely Som n Mahi flows through this region, separating it from the Banswara- a small town n Udaipur- a City.

The town of Dungarpur was founded in 1335 are temples erected by Rawal Veer Singh, in the memory of  Dungaria's  widows. In the east of the town, there is Udai Bilas Place, named after Udai Singh II, surrounded by hills and Lake, That's why, town presents a picturesque apperance.




Chittaurgarh is a town located near Udaipur.

The "PRIDE OF RAJASTHAN"  Chittaurgarh Fort was once declared unconquerable because of its location above a 180m high hill, spreading over an area of 700 acres.

This is a Rana Kumbha Mahal.

When i entered into the fort, I saw information board about Kumbha Mahal. See here:

It was really an amazing to see a fort at this height...!! Bas dekhte hi jao.....:)

The impressive ruins that remains are  made special with the even more interesting tales attached to them.

 History of Famous - Maharani Padmini of Chittor, wife of Rana Ratan Singh.

It is believed, that in 1303, Allauddin khilji, Sultan of Delhi, curious by tales of matchless beauty of Maharani Padmini, decide to verify himself.
 After this incident, his armies surrounded Chittor, and the Sultan sent the message to her husband - Rana Ratan Singh, to say that he would spare the city Chittor if he could meet his famous queen. The compromise finally reached that Sultan could look Padmani's reflection in water pond. Accordingly, the Sultan went up the hill without army, and glimpsed a reflection of beautiful Padmini standing near lotus pool. He thanks his host who courteously escorted Sultan down to the outer gate where the Sultan's man waited in trap to take the Rana's hostage.

After all this happened, there was a consternation in Chittor, than Padmini devised a plan.

A messenger informed the Sultan that Rani would come to him. Dozens of curtained palanquin set off down the hill, each carried by six humble bearers. once inside the Sultan's camp, four well armed Rajput's warriors jumped out of each palanquins and each palanquin bearer also drew a sword. In the well planned battle, Rana Ratan Sing won, but after lost of its 7,000 best Rajput warriors.

The Sultan now attacked Chittor with renewed power. Than the Rani and her entire staff of women sent their children into hiding with loyal servants. They then dressed their wedding dress, slid their farewell and singing ancient hymns, boldly entered the Mahal, and performed a huge Jauhar....>> agni  Kund, well of Fire...

Jauhar refer to ancient Indian tradition of honorary self immolation of women to end their life with respect. It was followed by the Rajputs clains in order to avoid capture and dishonour at the hands of their enemies. Such a painful method burning was preferred over other painless method like poisoning because Muslim invader burried dead the bodies of women instead of cremating them.

Second Jauhar of Chittor - 

Rana Sanga died in 1528 AD after battle of Khauna. Mewar and Chittor came under regency of his widow, Rani Karnawati. Without relief from the Bahadus Shah of Gujarat, the Rani committed Jauhar with other women on March 8, 1535 AD.
The Third jauhar of Chittor

Emperor Akbar attacked on the Fort of Chittor in sep- 1567. Rana Udai Singh II, his son n with his wife, using secret routes, escaped soon after the battle began.

The fort was left under Jaimal rathore and patta Sisodiya's command. One morning Akbar killed Jaimal Rathode, after this happened, all Rajupt women committed Jauhar in the night of feb- 22 1568 AD.

This was a great sacrifice of Chittor, by Rajputs...

Rani Padmini

 If you will have plan to see Chittor, must see Rani Padmini's Mahal, Kumbha Mahal n Vijay Stambh.

Do you know about another great Rajput or a real Hero of Chittor. Hmmmmmm..... He is Maharana Pratap. 

Maharana Pratap was born on May 9 1540, in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan. His Father name was Maharana Udai Singh II , n Mother's name Rani Jeevant Kanwar.

Now read the story of Great Rajput Maharana Pratap carefully >>

In 1568, During the region of Udai Singh II, Chittor was conquered by Mughal Empror Akbar. After third jauhar transpired with the ladies of fort for saftey from personal dishonour, while the remaning warriors sallied forth to certain death in battlefield.

Prior to this calamity, Udai Singh and his family had wisely moved to the safty of the nearby hills.

This new base gradually became the city of Udaipur, named after him.Than his eldest son - Pratap became the Rajput's King.

Maharana Pratap naver accepted Akbar as the ruler of India, and fought Akbar all his life. Akbar first tried finsse to win over Maharana Pratap but nothing worked. Maharana Pratap maintained that he had no aim to fight with Akbar but he could not submit to Akbar and accept him s ruler.

He can do friendship with Akbar, but in the time of when Chittor was in siege, Akbar killed 30,000 civilian, unarmed residents of Chittor, because they refuse to convert to Islam, all this left the lasting impression on Maharana Pratap's mind and then he decided that he could not bow to such an injustice and cruelty. The warrior code in Hindu system was to refrain from attacking a non-combatant person.

In the life of Maharana Pratap.... there are some true frineds on King.

Chetak :  The white Horse of Marwari breed, had a short neck, a tail with bushy hair, Big eyes with sharp sight, attractive appearance and blessed with flying legs. Chetak is described as acute intelligence, courage coupled wtih unflinching faithfulness to his master.

Raja Poonja, a Bheel who helped King in the Battle of haldighati, in the Tilak cero=emony was performed by the blood flowing from the thumb of Mandleek - a Bheel Sardar.

Seth Bhama Shah

Bhama Shah made a mark in the history of Mewar. He is a matchless example of honesty, faith n duty. Maharana Pratap was able to maintain his army of 25,000 soldiers for 12 yrs only because Bhama Shah gifted his all property with a collection of 25lakh rupees in that time and 20,000 gold coins also.

In the time of battle, Maharana Pratap live with his family in Jungle, they eat chapati made from grass. One day his son eating Chapati made from grass, suddenly a junglee dog come there and took that Chapati from Maharana's son's hand. After seeing this incident, Maharana become sad. When this incident reached to Akbar's darbar, There is one poet - Prithviraj Rathore, who was Maharana's cousin also. He sent a letter to Maharana Pratap in poetic language like this :

Patal sun Patshah, bole mukh hunta bayan
Mihir picham dis mahn, uge kasap rao ut
Patakun munchyan pan, ke patakun nij tan karad
Dije likh Deewan,in do mahali bat ik

Mean: O rao- King, has the sun started rising in the west as well? Should i keep my hand on my mustache or should my body fall with my own hands??

Maharana Pratap replies:

Turak kahasi turakado, in mukh sun Ikling
Uge jya hi ugasi, prachi bich Patang
Khushi hunt Peethal Kamadh, patako munchyan pan
Jete hai pachatan Pato, kilama sir kewan

"Lord Eklingji always make my mouth call him "Turk". The sun will rise in the east always. O Prithviraj rathore be happy and put your hand on your mustache.

Than Maharana Prata stands on his feet....and take again a aim to defeat Akbar.

On June 21, 1576 the two armies met at Haldighati. The battle of Haldighati, it was the historic event in Rajput's history. In this battle, Chetak was bleeding heavily and he collapsed after jumping over a river few kilometers away from the battle field. and that same time, Shakti sing the brother of Maharana Pratap, who having fought his as enemy, but killing two mughal riders. saddened by the loss of his faithful beloved Horse Chetak, the King embraced his brother and broke into tears. Maharana Pratap pardoned him, then Shaktisingh offered him his own Horse and requested him to get to a safe place.

Maharana Pratap died of injuries sustained in a hunting accident, on Jan 29,1597 aged 56. Pratap made his son Amar Singh, swear to maintain eternal conflict against to Mughals. he also did not sleep on a bed because of a promise he took that until Chittor was freed he will sleep on the floor and live in a hut despite that he had conquered almost his entire kingdom back from akbar.

Maharana Pratap is a gr8 hero in the eyes of Indians, much respected n loved by his people. In his life, he alone stood firmly for his honor and dignity. He never compromised his honor for safty. He died a Proud and Free man. Because of this I salute Him.




Hello Friends, How r u all? njoying...??

Hmmm..... After Udaipur, our next destination is Ranakpur. As all you know, Ranakpur is famous for Jain temples.

Ranakpur Temples are acclaimed world-wide for their super interior style. These temples from one of the five major pilgrims of the Jains. This town is just about 55 km from Udaipur. You can hire a local bus from Udaipur, to visit here. Built in 15th century, by Seth Dharna Shah with the aid of Rana Kumbha . Ranakpur temple known for being the largest temple, it is dedicated to Lord Aadinath.

This temple are is covering 40,000 square feet

Now see here the Intricate architecture.......

In the complex, there are many small temples like Chaumukha Temple, Parsvanath Temple, Amba Mata n Sun Temple... amongst all of them, Chaumukha Temple is the main, because Chaumukha mean four mouth, n this temple have Four gates. This chaumukha Temple is dedicated to Lord Aadinath, who is the first Tirthankar of Jain.

The construction of this Jain temple which had begun in 1446 Vikram Savant, around 600 yrs ago, and take more than 50 yrs to complete.
 This three storeyed marble edifice on a lofty plinth, is enveloped in the solitude of the surrounding forest n hills.

In the main chamber, there are four huge white marble images of the Jain Trithankar Aadinath. 

Image is about 72inch tall
 This four faced image symbolizes the Trithankar's quest for ultimately the cosmos n four different directions.

Like this image in four different direction, there are also four shrine situated in four direction, n surrounded by many small shrines n domes, may be it will 76, if we can count them. One more range of cells with separate roof encircles these shrines n domes all over again.

Jain Trithankars

 Temple is astounding creation of 29 halls with 1,444 pillars all distinctly carved.

 The Temple is a masterpiece of an architecture. It has 1,444 pillared halls, with almost 80 domes supported by 400 columns. after seeing all this, you will be surely like me, would be astonished to see at the height of 45 feet engraved nymphs playing the flute in assorted dance posture.  

Each pillars n each column has its own design, not two columns or pillars have similar design. hmmmm....n amazing n interesting fact na guyzzz.... ???

Now let see some very beautiful architecture......

entrance gate

Some more.....

Another stunning act about these column is that they change their colour from golden to pale blue after every hour during the day. In the hall, there is two huge bells, 180kg each, produce the harmonious sound on movement.

So Dear Friends, If u r on Udaipur trip, please do not miss this amazing place.... :)